Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan

Industry sector: Electronics, imaging

Operating across the digital imaging, photography and electronics sectors, Ricoh has always moved aggressively to protect its intellectual property. According to the 2014 edition of IAM and MDB Capital Group’s US Patent 100 study, Ricoh is the 24th-largest holder of active US patents, with over 12,000 grants and 3,000 applications. In its home market of Japan, Ricoh has over 26,000 patents. While a 100-strong IP development centre works to expand the company’s arsenal, a dedicated strategy centre focuses on external negotiations and licensing. The latter group has been in high demand as the company has grown its business through numerous M&A transactions over the past decade, including the acquisition of the Pentax camera business from Hoya Corporation. As a result of these deals, Ricoh also manages a wide range of brands.