Headquarters: Wako, Japan

Industry sector: R&D institution

With a history of innovation stretching back to 1917, RIKEN remains Japan’s premier public research organisation. The group’s technology transfer office helps new technologies to find a market and generates income that can be reinvested in further research. In 2012, the most recent year for which data is available, the group licensed 680 patents and income from the division totalled ¥55 million. Examples of RIKEN inventions that have been successfully commercialised by private sector Japanese firms include the PASESA blood pressure monitor produced by Shisei Datum, numerous plant variations and even a line of sake based on a RIKEN-developed strain of yeast.